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The National Anthem of India


Page Post Date : 2015-01-20 Page Post User : Revathy Category : Songs - Pravesh Edit / Suggest about this post

THE NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA

The anthem, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. It as first sung 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. The complete song consists of five stanzas. Playing time of the full version of the National Anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approx. 20seconds) is also played on certain occasions. The lyrics were rendered into English by Tagore himself.

HINDI LYRICS

Jana-Gana-Mana-Adhinayaka, Jaya He
Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata
Punjab-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha-
Dravida-Utkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga
Ucchhala-Jaladhi Taranga
Tava Subha Name Jage
Tava Subha Ashisha Mage
Gahe Tava Jaya Gatha.
Jana-Gana-Mangala Dayaka, Jaya He
Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata,
Jaya He, Jaya He, Jaya He,
Jaya Jaya Jaya, Jaya He

জন গণ মন (Bengali)

জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা উচ্ছলজলধিতরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে, তব শুভ আশিষ মাগে,
গাহে তব জয়গাথা।
জনগণমঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

Devanagari script

जनगणमन-अधिनायक जय हे भारतभाग्यविधाता!
पंजाब सिंधु गुजरात मराठा द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा उच्छलजलधितरंग
तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशिष मागे,
गाहे तव जयगाथा।
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे भारतभाग्यविधाता!
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे।।

English translation

The following translation (edited in 1950 to replace Sindh with Sindhu as Sindh after partition was allocated to Pakistan), attributed to Tagore, is provided by the Government of India's national portal

    Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
    Dispenser of India's destiny.
    Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind,
    Gujarat and Maratha,
    Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal;
    It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
    mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
    chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
    They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
    The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
    Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
    Victory, victory, victory to thee.